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Benzodiazepine drug testing kit

£2.99
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Brand:
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Test  
SKU:
Benzodiazepine drug detection kit x 1 urine test.
Weight:
100.00 Grams
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Ships within 24 hours
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Calculated at checkout
Current Stock:
109
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Product Description

Benzodiazepine drug detection kit - 

This test is a simple, quick, reliable and highly accurate test which detects for the presence of drugs of abuse in urine. You will receive accurate results within seconds. The kit contains a single test. 

 

Benzodiazepines

 

What are Benzodiazepines?

This group of drugs are also known as tranquillisers and sedatives. The best known are probably diazepam (brand name Valium) and nitrazepam (Mogadon). Benzodiazepines basically fall into two groups - the anxiolytics (for treating anxiety) and the hypnotics (for treating insomnia). Benzodiazepines are useful drugs for treating a number of conditions but, because of their Side effects and the risk of dependency (see below), they are not suitable as routine 'sleeping tablets', nor are they an effective treatment for depression.

How do benzodiazepines work?

Benzodiazepines work by depressing the part of the brain, called the reticular activating system, that regulates how active the brain is. They do this by increasing the action of a substance called gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), a chemical involved in slowing down the transmission of nerve signals in the brain.

What are they for?

While all benzodiazepines essentially have the same action in the brain, some calm its activity to a greater extent, making certain drugs more suitable for treating anxiety and others for treating insomnia. Benzodiazepines are also used in anaesthesia, and for treating epilepsy and muscle spasms. They may also be prescribed for people who are experiencing an episode of mania - a mental disorder that involves excessive activity and long periods without sleep.

Drugs include:

Drug name

Street name

Main use

Therapeutic dose range

Diazepam Vallies Anxiety 5-20mg
Lorazepam   Anxiety 1-4mg
Flurazepam   Insomnia 15-30mg
Nitrazepam Moggies Insomnia 5-10mg
Temazepam Rugby Balls Insomnia 10-20mg
Flunitrazepam Roofies Insomnia 0.5-1mg
 
Street use Benzodiazepines are swallowed in large numbers or can be injected by crushing tablets or injecting jelly from capsules. Dose levels vary but daily doses of 20 times the normal therapeutic range have been reported. Benzodiazepines are often mixed with other drugs. In Scotland, for example, a recent trend has been the use of temgesic (an opiate) and temazepam (a benzodiazepine) in combination.
Drug effect Benzodiazepines are depressants or "downers". They act on the part of the brain associated with anxiety, reduce tension and induce sleep. Even at low doses, benzodiazepines can affect mental and physical functioning, but less so than alcohol. At higher doses, they produce "drunken" and sometimes aggressive behaviour.
Surprisingly, mixing benzodiazepines with other "downers" such as barbiturates, alcohol or opiates produces a stimulant effect which increases alertness and confidence.
Dependence At low doses within the therapeutic range, tolerance does not develop to any great extent and only small increases in doses are reported over time. But among street users who are using large amounts, tolerance to the sedative effects (but not to the calming effects) develops rapidly and doses escalate.
Dependence can also develop quickly and some people report withdrawal symptoms after only four weeks' use at therapeutic (low) doses. People vary in the severity of symptoms they experience. Among long-term and heavy users, panic attacks, feelings of unreality, distortion of perception, sweating, restlessness and tremor are common. 
Sudden withdrawal from benzodiazepines is dangerous as seizures can occur. Therefore withdrawal from the drug should be gradual and conducted under medical supervision. Withdrawal from benzodiazepines can be distressing because symptoms often last for many months.
Long-term use The effects of long-term use of benzodiazepines include mental confusion, memory loss, depression, aggressive behaviour and loss of physical coordination. 
Injecting with dirty or used needles can cause serious infections like hepatitis B, blood poisoning and HIV infection. Injecting crushed tablets or jelly (from green capsules) can cause serious circulation problems and in some cases, loss of limbs.
Overdose risk Death from overdose is rare with this group of drugs because large doses are needed but the risk increases if benzodiazepines are mixed with other "downers" like opiates, barbiturates or alcohol.
Risk in pregnancy Babies born to mothers who continue to take benzodiazepines during pregnancy may have withdrawal symptoms which include tremor, irritability, hyperactivity and frantic sucking. Withdrawal symptoms may be more severe than expected from the mother's dose, as the drugs build up in the baby over time.
Withdrawal from benzodiazepines should be gradual over a few weeks.
Legal status Benzodiazepines are prescription-only medicines and class C controlled drugs (Schedule 4), except temazepam, which was moved to Schedule 3 on 15 January 1996. This means they can be possessed in medicinal form without a prescription but it is an offence to supply them to others. All benzodiazepines carry the same penalties, as listed below. 
  Maximum penalty for possession
  If not in medicinal form 
Two years and/or unlimited fine
  Maximum penalty for supply Five years and/or unlimited fine

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